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A Hybrid Technique for Analysis of Low-Frequency Oscillation in Power System

Abhinav Pathak and Ratnesh Gupta

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 30, Issue 3, July 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.30.3.15

Keywords: Attenuation factor, damping ratio, Prony algorithm, stability, synthetic signal

Published on: 25 May 2022

Estimating the low-frequency oscillation in an interconnected power system is the most important requirement to keep the power system in a stable operating condition. This research work deals with a hybrid robust and accurate approach using a combination of Estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariant techniques (ESPRIT) and Prony algorithm to extract the low-frequency oscillatory modes present in the power system. The observation inspires the hybrid method that the true modes of the signal are present in any signal processing technique (for example, Prony algorithm) along with other fictitious modes regardless of the order of the power system. Moreover, this research obtained true modes by calculating Euclidean distance and applying the threshold value concept. The proposed technique is tested with different noise conditions and varying sampling rates of Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) to check the proposed hybrid technique’s robustness compared to Prony and the multiple ESPRIT method. Finally, the proposed method is applied to the real signal obtained from the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) network, and it estimates accurate and precise parameters compared to other methods. The accuracy for estimation of frequency and attenuation factor is calculated for the three-mode synthetic signal at a noise level of 10dB by the hybrid algorithm, multiple ESPRIT, and Prony algorithm, which shows that hybrid algorithm has minimum percentage error. Thus, the proposed hybrid algorithm accurately estimates the parameters of low-frequency oscillation as compared to other existing methods without involving any fictitious modes.

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ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JST-3337-2021

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