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Strengthening Marine Ecotourism Management’s Institutional Performance in Raja Ampat, Indonesia

Nuraini, Arif Satria, Ekawati Sri Wahyuni and Dietriech Geoffrey Bengen

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue 3, September 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.3.18

Keywords: Ecotourism development, institutional performance, marine ecotourism, potential and problems, tourism village

Published on: 27 September 2021

Institutional performance is a critical element that stakeholders must collectively strengthen to better respond to marine tourism development challenges. The institutional strength of a community has the power to influence the behaviour of local people, which drives them to conduct activities effectively and create a foundation for management. This paper uses qualitative approaches specifically through the case study method. The results of this paper show that: (1) beyond the potential of marine ecotourism development, there are several unsolved problems specifically within the ecological, social and economic areas; (2) ten indicators strengthen the institutional performance in developing Raja Ampat Tourism Villages. These indicators consist of: (1) community cooperation with outside institutions; (2) clarity of management area borderlines; (3) correspondence of regulations towards the local conditions; (4) active engagement of the community in the development and management of regulations; (5) the presence of local institutions; (6) effectiveness of supervision; (7) the imposition of sanctions; (8) conflict resolution mechanisms; (9) governmental recognition through the establishment of regulations; (10) equal access for resource users.

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