Home / Regular Issue / JSSH Vol. 29 (3) Sep. 2021 / JSSH-8101-2021

 

Building Social Resilience after the 2014 Flood Disaster

Sarina Yusoff and Nur Hafizah Yusoff

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue 3, September 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.3.13

Keywords: Flood disaster, recovery, social disruption, social resilience, victims

Published on: 27 September 2021

The 2014 flood disaster has brought physical destruction, damage as well as social disruption that caused normal life to become less stable. A state of social equilibrium needs to be restored through effective restoration solutions to normalise life after the disaster. This qualitative research aims to identify two main issues, namely social disruption and social resilience, by utilising a case study of the 2014 flood disaster in Hulu Dungun, Terengganu. A total of 15 victims were selected using the purposive sampling method based on a set of defined criteria–the data collection method comprised of in-depth interviews and non-participant observation. The data were analysed through thematic analysis techniques. The results showed that the disruption suffered by the victims included disruption of social roles, the uncertainty of employment, instability of social routine, and collective trauma. However, the availability of social resilience had enabled the victims to rebuild their lives after flood disasters and restore the ‘normal’ or ‘stable’ situations of social equilibrium. The research is expected to contribute to environmental sociology that has yet to receive widespread attention from sociological researchers in Malaysia. This research is a meaningful effort towards promoting and increasing the environmental sociology study, which to date, remains disoriented.

  • Albrecht, F. (2017). The social and political impact of natural disaster: Investigating attitudes and media coverage in the wake of disaster [Doctoral dissertation, Uppsala University]. Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations. http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1090236/FULLTEXT01.pdf

  • Alias, N. A., Mohd Idris, M. D., Siwar, C., Md Mahmudul, A., & Yasar, M. (2021). Community preparation and vulnerability indices for floods in Pahang State of Malaysia. Land, 10(198), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020198

  • Bănică, A., Kourtit, K., & Nijkamp, P. (2020). Natural disaster as a development opportunity: A spatial economic resilience interpretation. Review of Regional Research, 40(3), 223-249. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10037-020-00141-8

  • Burnes, B. (2009). Managing change: A strategic approach to organizational dynamics. Pearson Education.

  • Chang, S. E. (2010). Urban disaster recovery: A measurement framework and its application to the 1995 Kobe earthquake. Disasters, 34(2), 303-327. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2009.01130.x

  • Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mix methods approaches. Sage Publication.

  • Dobashi, K., Nasmine, M., Shigemaru, J., Tsunoda, T., Shimizu, K., Yoshino, A., & Nomuro, S. (2014). Psychological effects of disaster relief activities on Japan ground self-defense force personnel following the 2011 great east Japan earthquake. Psychiatry, 7(2), 190-198. https://doi.org/10.1521/psyc.2014.77.2.190

  • Elfithri, R., Halimshah, S., Abdullah, M. P., Mokhtar, M., Toriman, M. E., Embi, A. H., Abdullah, M., Heng, L. K., Ahmad Maulud, K. N., Salleh, S., Maizan, M., & Ramzan, N. M. (2017). Pahang flood disaster: The potential flood drivers. Malaysian Journal Geoscience, 1(1), 34-37. https://doi.org/10.26480/mjg.01.2017.34.37

  • Imperiale, A. J., & Vanclay, F. (2016). Experiencing local community resilience in action: Learning from post-disaster communities. Journal of Rural Studies, 47(Part A), 204-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.08.002

  • Isahak, A., Reza, M. I. H., Siwar, C., Ismail, S. M., Sulaiman, N., Hanafi, Z., Zainuddin, M. S., & Taha, M. R. (2018). Delineating risk zones and evaluation of shelter centres for flood disaster management along the Pahang River Basin, Malaysia. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 10(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v10i1.501

  • Jurjanos, M., & Seekamp, E. (2018). Rural coastal community resilience: Assessing a framework in eastern North Carolina. Ocean and Coastal Management, 162, 137-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.10.010

  • Lee, J. Y., Kim, S. W., & Kim, J. M. (2020). The impact of community disaster trauma: A focus on emerging research of PTSD and other mental health outcomes. Channam Medical Journal, 56(2), 99-107. https://doi.org/10.4068/cmj.2020.56.2.99

  • Liamputtong, P. (2010). Cross-cultural research and qualitative inquiry. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 1(1), 1-83.

  • Madhuri, M., Tewari, H. R., & Bhowmick, P. K. (2014). Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar. Jamba: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 6(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v6i1.127

  • McDermott, B. M., & Cobham, V. E. (2012). Family functioning in the aftermath of a natural disaster. BMC Psychiatry, 12, Article 55. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-12-55

  • Md. Akhir, N., Zakaria, S. M., Soh, O. K., & Amin, A. S. (2020). A review on the psychological issue and psychosocial intervention: Flood disaster in Malaysia. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(4), 4337-4349. https://doi.org/10.37200/IJPR/V24I4/PR201539

  • Moreno, J., & Shaw, D. (2018). Women’s empowerment following disaster: A longitudinal study of social change. Natural Hazards, 92, 205-224. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-018-3204-4

  • Moreno, J., Lara, A., & Torres, M. (2018). Community resilience in response to the 2010 Tsunami in Chile: The survival of a small-scale fishing community. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 33, 376-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.10.024

  • Morton, M. J., & Lurie, N. (2013). Community resilience and public health practice. American Journal of Public Health, 103(7), 1158-1160. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301354

  • Norris, F. H., Tracy, M., & Galea, S. (2009). Looking for resilience: Understanding the longitudinal trajectories of responses to stress. Social Sciences and Medicine, 68(12), 2190-2198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.03.043

  • Nygaard, E., & Heir, T. (2012). World assumptions, post traumatic stress and quality of life after a natural disaster: A longitudinal study. Health and Quality of Life Outcome, 10, Article 76. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-10-76

  • Palekiencė, O., Bruneckienė, J., & Simanavičienė, Z. (2014). Critical analysis of loss and damage concepts under process of economic assessment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 156(2), 304-309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.11.193

  • Schlehe, J. (2010). Anthropology of religion: Disasters and the representations of tradition and modernity. Religion, 40(2), 112-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.religion.2009.12.004

  • Tan, N. T. (2013). Policy and collaboration for social recovery after disaster. Journal of Social Work in Disability and Rehabilitation, 12(1-2), 145-157. https://doi.org/10.1080/1536710X.2013.784606

  • Toland, J., & Carrigan, D. (2011). Educational psychology and resilience: New concept, new opportunities. School Psychology International, 32(1), 95-106. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034310397284

  • Vollmer, H. (2013). The sociology of disruption, disaster and social change. Cambridge University Press.

  • Wilson, G. A., Hu, Z., & Rahman, S. (2018). Community resilience in rural China: The case of Hu Village, Sichuan Province. Journal of Rural Studies, 60, 130-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2018.03.016

  • Wisitwong, A., & MacMillan, M. (2010). Managament of flood victims: Chainat Province, Central Thailand. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12, 4-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2018.2009.00504.x

  • Wood, N. J., Burton, C. G., & Cutter, S. L. (2010). Community variations in social vulnerability to Cascadia-related tsunamis in the U.S Pacific Northwest. Natural Hazards, 52(2), 369-389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-009-9376-1

  • Yin, R. K. (2014). Case study research design and methods. Sage Publication.

  • Yusoff, S., Abdul Aziz, R., & Yusoff, N. H. (2018). Impak sosioekonomi bencana banjir 2014: Tindakan penyesuaian dan kesiapsiagaan lokal [The socio-economic impact of the 2014 flood disaster: Local adaptation and preparedness]. Geografia Online Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 14(4), 74-88. http://ejournal.ukm.my/gmjss/article/view/27581

  • Zakour, M. J. (2010). Vulnerability and risk assessment: Building community resilience. In D. F. Gillespie & K. Danso (Eds.), Disaster concepts and issues: A guide for social work education and practice (pp. 15-60). Council on Social Work Education.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JSSH-8101-2021

Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles