Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (3) Jul. 2021 / JST-2492-2021


Length-weight Relationship and Relative Condition Factor of Two Dominant Species (Cyclocheilithys apogon and Notopterus notopterus) at Subang Lake, Selangor, Malaysia

Xeai Li Chai, Rohasliney Hashim, Muhammad Nur Aiman Rahmat, Mohamad Hamizan Kamaludin, Nur Ain Habullah and Izharuddin Shah Kamaruddin

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue 3, July 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.3.44

Keywords: Freshwater fishes, length-weight relationship, relative condition factor, Subang lake

Published on: 31 July 2021

Length-weight relationships and relative condition factors were conducted to provide information on fish species’ growth conditions and general well-being in the freshwater habitat. This study was conducted using fish as a bioindicator for the health of the ecosystem. Cyclocheilithys apogon (Beardless barb) and Notopterus notopterus (Bronze featherback) are the most dominant species in Subang Lake. A four-month sampling was conducted to collect the sample of Beardless barb and Bronze featherback. A total of 422 individuals of Beardless barb and 344 individuals of Bronze featherback were measured and weighed. The mean total length of Breadless barb was 13.11 ± 1.31 cm with the mean weight of 31.88±9.93 g. The mean of the total length and weight of Bronze featherback was 16.05 ± 2.07 cm and 30.38 ± 15.63 g. Both fish species showed negative allometric growth with the exponent b value 2.884 and 2.886, respectively. The condition factor of Beardless barb (1.184 ± 0.134) and Bronze featherback (1.010 ± 0.163) obtained from this study reflects a fair growth condition based on K value by Barnham & Baxter (2003). Further studies need to be conducted to determine the significant impacts that affect fish species’ growth conditions.

  • Amonodin, M. R., Fadzil, N. F. M., Azmai, A. M. N., & Hashim, R. (2018). A review of length-weight relationships of freshwater fishes in Malaysia. Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research, 20(1), 55-68. https://doi.org/10.1515/trser-2018-0005

  • Barnham, C. P. S. M., & Baxter, A. (2003). Condition factor, K, for salmonid sh. State of Victoria, Department of Primary Industries.

  • Dalu, T., Nhiwatiwa, T., & Clegg, B. (2013). Length–weight relationships and condition factors of six fish species caught using gill nets in a tropical African reservoir, Zimbabwe. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 68(1), 75-79. https://doi.org/10.1080/0035919X.2012.733318

  • Dubey, V. K., Sarkar, U. K., Kumar, R. S., Mir, J. I., Pandey, A., & Lakra, W. S. (2012). Length-weight relationships (LWRs) of 12 Indian freshwater fish species from an un-impacted tropical river of Central India (River Ken). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 28(5), 854-856. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2012.02005.x

  • Farooq, N., Qamar, N., Rashid, S., & Panhwar, S. K. (2017). Length-weight relationship of eleven species of marine catfishes from the northern Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 35(5), 1218-1220.

  • Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: History, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 241-253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x

  • Gaygusuz, Ö., Aydin, H., Emiroǧlu, Ö., Top, N., Dorak, Z., Gaygusuz, Ç. G., Baskurt, S., & Tarkan, A. S. (2012). Length-weight relationships of freshwater fishes from the western part of Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 29(1), 285-287. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12015

  • Hamid, M. A., Mansor, M., & Nor, S. A. M. (2015). Length-weight relationship and condition factor of fish populations in Temengor Reservoir: Indication of environmental health. Sains Malaysiana, 44(1), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2015-4401-09

  • Isa, M. M., Rawi, C. S., Rosla, R., Shah, S. A. M., & Shah, A. S. R. M. (2010). Length – weight relationships of freshwater fish species in Kerian River Basin and Pedu Lake. Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology, 5(1), 1-8.

  • Jisr, N., Younes, G., Sukhn, C., & El-Dakdouki, M. H. (2018). Length-weight relationships and relative condition factor of fish inhabiting the marine area of the Eastern Mediterranean city, Tripoli-Lebanon. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 44(4), 299-305

  • Jones, R. E., Petrell, R. J., & Pauly, D. (1999). Using modified length-weight relationships to assess the condition of fish. Aquacultural engineering, 20(4), 261-276.

  • Karna, S. K., Sahoo, D., Panda, S., Vihar, V., Bhaban, M., & Nagar, S. (2012). Length weight relationship (LWR), growth estimation and length at maturity of Etroplus suratensis in Chilika Lagoon, Orissa, India. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(3), 1257-1267.

  • Kaur, V., & Rawal, Y. K. (2017). Length-weight relationship ( LWR ) in Notopterus notopterus (Pallas) from Sukhna Lake, Chandigarh. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, 12(4), 63-65. https://doi.org/10.9790/3008-1204046365

  • Khan, M. A. (2003). Length-weight relationship and relative condition index of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas) of Tilaiya Reservoir, Bihar. Records of The Zoological Survey of India, 101, 233-239.

  • Kumar, K. H., & Kiran, B. R. (2016). Relative condition factor of feather back, Notopterus Notopterus (Pallas) from Jannapura Pond, Bhadravathi Taluk, Karnataka. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2(1), 36-39.

  • Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). The Journal of Animal Ecology, 20(2), 201-219. https://doi.org/10.2307/1540

  • Martin-Smith, K. M. (1996). Length/weight relationships of fishes in a diverse tropical freshwater community, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Fish Biology, 49(4), 731-734. https://doi.org/10.1006/jfbi.1996.0201

  • Nyanti, L., Soo, C., Ling, T., Sim, S., Grinang, J., Ganyai, T., & Lee, K. (2018). Physicochemical parameters and fish assemblages in the downstream river of a tropical hydroelectric dam subjected to diurnal changes in flow. Hindawi International Journal of Ecology, 2018, 1-9.

  • Pope K. L. (2007) Condition. In C. S. Guy & M. L. Brown (Eds.), Analysis and interpretation of freshwater fisheries data (pp. 423-471). American Fisheries Society.

  • Rosli, N. A. M., & Zain, K. M. (2016). Preliminary assessment on autecological studies of beardless barb, Cyclocheilichthys apogon (valenciennes, 1842) from Muda Reservoir of Kedah, Malaysia. Tropical life sciences research, 27(supp1), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.21315/tlsr2016.27.3.9

  • Sarkar, U. K., Khan, G. E., Dabas, A., Pathak, A. K., Mir, J. I., Rebello, S. C., Pal, A., & Singh, S. P. (2013). Length weight relationship and condition factor of selected freshwater fish species found in River Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India. Journal of Environmental Biology, 34, 951-956.

  • Sharip, Z., Yusoff, F. M., & Ismail, W. R. (2017). Trophic state characterisation for Malaysian lake. In M. Maghfiroh, A. Dianto, T. Jasalesmana, I. Melati, O. Samir, & R. Kurniawan (Eds.), The 16th World Lake Conference (pp. 442-447). Research Center for Limnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences.

  • Zulkafli, A. R., Amal, M. N. A., Shohaimi, S., Mustafa, A., Ghani, A. H., Ayub, S., Hashim, S., Anuar, M. I., & Hasfairi, M. P. (2016). Length–weight relationships of 13 fish species from Pahang River, Temerloh District, Pahang, Malaysia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 32(1), 165-166. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12959

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles