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Shoreline Change and its Impact on Land use Pattern and Vice Versa ─ A Critical Analysis in and Around Digha Area between 2000 and 2018 using Geospatial Techniques

Anindita Nath, Bappaditya Koley, Subhajit Saraswati, Basudeb Bhatta and Bidhan Chandra Ray

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.1.19

Keywords: Digital shoreline analysis system, end point rate, land use/land cover, littoral zone, linear regression rate, net shoreline movement

Published on: 22 January 2021

The shoreline is a very unpredictable, uncertain, and forever changing landscape for any coastal process. Due to erosional and accretional activities, the shoreline has continuously fluctuated with the continual process of waves and tides. Shore boundaries are determined by the shoreline at its furthest towards the sea (low tide) and extreme towards land (high tide). The present research aimed to identify the temporal alterations of shoreline and changes in land-cover between the areas of Rasulpur to Subarnarekha estuary, east coast of India with 70.04 km length of shoreline. An area amounting to 143sq.km had been selected for showing the land-cover changing and this area had witnessed the rapid growth of population and increasing industrial activities causing an unsurpassable impact on the environment. The present study used three multi dated imageries for land use/ land cover (LULC) map and seven multi-resolution satellite images were applied to estimate the long-term shoreline change rate by dividing the coastal area into three "littoral zones" (LZ). The Digital shoreline analysis system (DSAS) was applied to identify the shoreline change rate of the year 2000 to 2018. Several statistical methods, linear regression rate (LRR), net shoreline movement (NSM), End Point Rate (EPR) were used to find out the erosion and accretion rate. The result showed that maximum erosion had been found in LZ III, rate of -2.22 m/year. Maximum accretion had been identified in LZ I, at the rate of 35.5 m/year. The LULC showed that maximum vegetation area had been decreased in the year of 2010 (14.21sq.km) but 38.96sq.km vegetation area had increased in 2018. The prominent increase had been identified in built up and shallow water. Built up had been expanded from 25.59sq.km (2000) to 41.26sq.km (2018). Shallow water was increased from 5.53sq.km (2000) to 18.90sq.km (2018). Sand and soil showed a decreasing pattern from 2000 ─ 2018. The outcome acquired from the present study will play a significant role to estimate the shoreline migration rate and will be helpful for sustainable land use management. The shoreline change rate will be also useful for coastal planners to adopt mitigation measures.

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