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Socioeconomic Status and Mental Health among Low-income Employees: A Systematic Literature Review

Errna Nadhirah Kamalulil and Siti Aisyah Panatik

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 3, September 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.3.20

Keywords: Low-income employees, mental health, PRISMA, socioeconomic status, systematic review

Published on: 27 September 2021

Low-income employees are among the focus individuals whose socioeconomic status plays a major role in determining positive or negative mental health status. Mental health among low-income employees is a global issue that requires a comprehensive understanding of its determinant. The objective of this study is to systematically review scientific evidence on the impact of socioeconomic status on mental health among low-income employees. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, and data retrieval was done on 7th October 2020 using Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria of this study, a total of 19 studies were included. Results indicate that the majority of the included studies revealed that socioeconomic status influences mental health, while two studies showed no influence. In conclusion, the findings from the review can provide guidelines to promote better mental health among low-income employees.

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