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The Use of Rhetorical Strategies in Argumentative Essays

Zulaikha Khairuddin, Noor Hanim Rahmat, Maizura Mohd Noor and Zurina Khairuddin

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue S3, December 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.s3.14

Keywords: Argumentative essay, Malaysian students, rhetorical strategies, think-aloud protocol, thinking process

Published on: 30 November 2021

The most challenging skill perceived by students when they learn the English language is the writing skill. This recent study would like to identify the rhetorical strategies used by good writers and poor writers. Two participants were selected, and written essays was the instrument employed for this study. Both participants were required to write an essay on ‘Should examinations be abolished?’ The essays written were analysed using a coding technique. The findings indicated that both writers utilised the three elements, Logos, Ethos and Pathos, differently. Both were considerate to the readers when they wrote the essays and presented their message, which was also heavily emphasised. However, they did not focus on their roles as writers. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that teachers need to help students familiarise themselves with rhetorical strategies. As for students, they should be aware of the rhetorical strategies to enhance their writing skills to write argumentative essays.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

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