Culturally responsive pedagogy (CRP) is developed based on cultural knowledge, the experiences of not just students but also teachers from different ethnic backgrounds, their references and performances in learning and teaching. The present case study examines the experiences of Visual Arts Education teachers in a public school in Malaysia with the aim of identifying and understanding their perception of culturally responsive teaching. Findings showed that the teachers empathised towards cultural differences, and believed that professional training for young teachers may help in creating more culturally tolerant students.
Culturally responsive, ethnic backgrounds, improve creativity, tolerance, Visual Art Education
Habitat loss affects survival of hornbills in the wild and their dipping numbers has led Malaysia to classify them as threatened species. Thus, their habitat must be protected thorough greater conservation efforts to prevent extinction of that species. Royal Belum-Temengor forest complex in Perak State Park with a total area of 32,733.9 hectares, is one of the last remaining frontiers for the hornbills in Malaysia. This study attempts to justify a spatial site analysis of effective habitat conservation for hornbills. In addition, it aims to identify suitable habitat for hornbills using spatial characteristics. Analysis of Landsat 5TM satellite image in the study area was used to identify the most suitable habitat for the hornbills in Royal Belum–Temengor Forest Complex. The findings showed that the forest complex's spatial characteristic is suitable with ideal characteristics for the survival of hornbills such as density of vegetation, swamp areas or water bodies, and mature size of emergent and canopy layer of trees. It is hoped this information will help conservationists and researchers to design a sound conservation and management plan to ensure long term survival of these birds.
Dipterocarp forest, habitat conservation, hornbills, threatened species
Salat is an Islamic obligation (prayer) that should be performed within a stipulated period. Based on the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit and its axis which affect the time for salat has led to JAKIM establishing the Time Zone Concept considering all zones. Scientifically, two types of techniques are used to specify the time of salat: the Western Most Point technique and the Multiple Reference Point technique. This study compared these techniques based on the calculation between the various setting points and their effects on the time for salat in 2013 for all zones within Selangor. Findings showed that the Multiple Point technique is the most suitable as it represents the entire zone.
Multiple Reference Point, Prayer Time Zone Concept, Western Most Point
The centuries-old relationship between Malaysia and India was initiated and sustained by trade, but the impact of socio-cultural influence was equally dominant in shaping the multi-ethnic and multi-cultural façade of Malaysia. It would not be an exaggeration to say that this cultural exchange has been a vital factor in shaping the history of Malaysia. In recent years, socio- cultural factors have assumed greater importance and significance in the continuity of bilateral relations between Malaysia and India. This paper examines how culture boost ties between Malaysia and India especially through the Indian diaspora, movies, dance, drama and music. It analyses how globalisation has intensified the cultural interactions and connectivity between Malaysia and India.
The main objective of this study is to examine the role of collective efficacy on organisational citizenship behaviour among teachers in Malaysia. A conceptual framework was developed based on past empirical studies. Findings of the study showed that the two constructs, namely collective efficacy and organisational citizenship behaviour, contributed to the teachers' academic achievements.
The purpose of the study is to identify motives for athletes who are disabled to participate in sports. Hundred (n=100) respondents (60 male; 40 female), aged between 16 and 55 and who are wheelchair bound participated in this study. Close-ended questionnaire that tested five motives were distributed to the participants. They were: ask-oriented motives, social-integration motives, fitness-oriented motives, ego-oriented motives and social-affective motives. The SPSS version 5 was used to analyse data. Descriptive statistical method to obtain mean and the standard deviation and independent T-test showed no significant difference in motives factors among the male and the female athletes (p =.091; p>0.05). There were no significant differences on both gender perceived fitness-oriented motives (p =.697; p>0.05) and social-affective motives (p=.124; p>0.05) and task-oriented motives (p=.895; p>0.05) as the main factors for participation. However, there were significant differences in social-integration motives (p=0.043; p<0.05) and ego-oriented motives (p=0.033; p<0.05). It is important to encourage sports participation among persons with disabilities and the facilities need to be disabled friendly.
Motives, persons with disabilities, physical fitness
This paper presents initial findings of a study on functional performance of commercial buildings. Comparison between traditional and modern physical design and planning approaches and practices were carried out by reviewing and analysing selected buildings. The main aim of this study was to find out whether the selected building designs were in compliance with any metaphysical theories. A total number of 13 commercial premises owned by Government agency were selected and of these, six were categorised as "performing", while seven were "non-performing". Two locally well-known commercial premises were used as "benchmark". Findings reveal some evidence of link between metaphysics and functional performance of the commercial buildings. Based on the results of this study, the metaphysical approach in planning and design could be considered to complement the modern design practices. However, further analysis needs to be carried out involving larger samples to confirm the findings of the present study.
The aim of this study is to analyse the success of School Based Assessment (SBA) implemented in 2010/11 in Malaysia. It examines teachers' readiness, confidence level and enjoyment in teaching mathematics. It also investigates if participation in SBA professional development courses impacted on teachers' readiness for it. A total, of 260 teachers (65 males and 195 females) were selected as respondents while 12 teachers were interviewed for their feedback. The findings show= that the teachers involved in the study have a low level of readiness and confidence in implementing SBA. Professional development courses related to SBA did not have any impact on teachers' readiness level. More than two-thirds of them reported that they did not enjoy teaching since the implementation of SBA. This study indicates more effort is needed to enhance teachers' competency in achieving the goals of SBA.
Confidence, implementation, professional development courses, readiness, School Based Assessment
The aim of this research is to examine why people visit Museum Negeri Sembilan. The 150 respondents for this research are visitors of the state's Museum. The main objective of this study is to determine the most significant factor that influence visits. Purposive sampling technique was used with questionnaire as the instrument for collecting data. In determining the relationship between the visiting behaviours, Correlation Analysis and Regression Analysis were used. Based on the findings, physical context is the main antecedent of visiting behaviour or frequency of visits. Hence, the museum needs to be upgraded and preserved namely its uniqueness, historical information and facilities to encourage more visitors.
There is a new form of communication: blogging and microblogging. One reason blogs are accepted widely is because they allow opinions to be expressed freely, issues to be discussed as well as to be argued convincingly. It satisfies the public's need to voice out their opinions. Yet, some of these opinions have limitations in terms of being expressed because of the absence of indicators. The present study is a discourse analysis of the structure of argumentation of selected SopoBlogs (social-political blogs). Its objective is to analyse the linguistic aspects of the blog, in particular, the use of indicators in the presentation of each stage of argumentation. The analysis is facilitated by the use of pragma-dialectical theory. The study reveals that bloggers do not find it imperative to use argumentative indicators in their blogs. Thus, affecting the flow of argumentations which in turn impact effectiveness.
Argumentative indicators, blog post, SopoBlogs, standpoints
Over the past decades, research on individual tax compliance has moved its focus from the influence of deterrence to the influence of social influence mechanism such as conformity and compliance. Fundamentally, this research revolves around the idea that the behaviour and attitudes of an individual or a group may be affected by the behaviour of others or an individual's reference group. In line with this view, this paper discusses the influence of social mechanisms on individual taxpayers' decision making. It argues that acknowledging the influence of social network can assist in explaining tax compliance among individual taxpayers in Malaysia. This argument runs counter the standard theoretical framework of tax compliance (involving deterrence factors such as fines, penalties, and audit probabilities, and that, in turn, this nature leads them to be non-compliant by manipulating their tax returns.
Compliance, conformity, social influence, social network, tax compliance
This research will focus on understanding the concept of a Malay Garden. The aim of this study is to understand the use of hardscape and softscape elements in a Malay garden. The objective of the study is to identify key elements of the Malay Garden via the Residents Preference. The findings can be a guide for researchers in the field of cultural landscape, to better understand the way of life of the Malay community in Malaysia.
Cultural landscape, Malay garden concept, Malay garden, Malay landscape, Malay
Group awareness among the members has been a concern to researchers studying the group. This paper examines benefits and impact of group awareness to members of the group work based on empirical evidence from literature on the following topics, such as Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), Computer Supported Cooperative Learning (CSCL), Human Computer Interaction (HCI), Groupware, Information Systems, Psychology, Management and Organizational Science. Systematic Literature Review (SLR) is the method employed for such review. This study contributes knowledge on group awareness and its benefits to the group by synthesising literature on group awareness for the group. Group awareness benefits the group since it enhances group performance - for instance it reduces time wastage, improves quality of output, and increases coordination.
Collaboration, coordination, group awareness, group work, systematic literature review
This study aims to examine the determinants of consumer experience and satisfaction in relation to Halal cosmetics products based on Sheth's Theory of Consumption Value. The 359 Muslim and non-Muslim respondents in this study were between 16 and 64 years, residing in urban Malaysia, Wilayah Persekutuan (Kuala Lumpur), Northern states (Pulau Pinang), Southern states (Melaka and Johor), Western States (Selangor), East Coast (Kuantan and Terengganu), Sabah and Sarawak. Findings of this study show that respondents are predominantly influenced by both social value and emotional value towards halal cosmetics products. This study therefore, offers guidelines to halal manufacturers in expanding their market, achieve competitive advantage, and governmental organisations to encourage halal consumption.
Customer satisfaction, emotional value, experience value, Halal cosmetics products, social value, Theory of Consumption Value
Malaysia has been targeting health travellers as a source of foreign exchange income especially after the Asian Financial Crisis. It is crucial for medical tourism industry in Malaysia to meet the expectations of their international clients as it competes with neighbours such as Thailand and Singapore. This study assesses the antecedents of attitude influencing the behaviour intention of potential health travellers in Malaysia by examining two dimensions of perceived value, namely perceived benefits and perceived risks. Findings of the study indicated that perceived value is a key predictor of tourist behavioural intentions. A difference was observed between regions among countries of origin. The research also highlighted managerial implications for private hospitals in the areas of marketing and product development. It is recommended hospitals should pay more attention to healthcare service value based on geographic regions of origin in order to create competitive advantage.
Health travellers, intention, Malaysia, medical tourism, perceived benefits, perceived risks
Postpartum care is influenced by both traditional beliefs and contemporary health care practices. This paper explores mothers' perception of food served in the maternity ward of government hospitals, perception of breastfeeding in public and its relation to postpartum wellness, and the role of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiatives (BFHI) in the promotion of breastfeeding. The respondents for this study were 10 Malay mothers aged between 20 and 40 from different educational levels. They adhered to food restrictions based on the hot-cold theory in their postpartum period. The findings indicate that hospitals, though providing a well-balanced diet, should not ignore traditional dietary practices. This is useful for policy makers, programme managers and health care service providers to provide culturally sensitive health-care interventions. Acceptance of public breastfeeding with discretion is evident among Malay mothers and Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is recognised.
Breastfeeding, hospital, hot and cold, Malay mothers, postpartum food
The aim of this article is to examine postgraduate students' critical academic reading skills. This study was inspired by the high attrition rates among postgraduate students although there is a significant increase in their enrolment. A total of thirty postgraduate students from social sciences and humanities background were surveyed and data were collected using questionnaires. The findings indicated that the postgraduate students have moderate readiness in utilising critical academic reading skills. Therefore, innovative approaches must be encouraged and implemented to improve critical reading skills among postgraduate students.
This paper examines the influence of five antecedents of service sabotage by frontline customer-contact personnel. Using a survey-based approach, the authors collected data from 150 respondents working in the front line service settings. Regression analysis showed that only employees' risk-taking proclivity and their perceptions of the extent of surveillance were significant predictors of sabotage. Other antecedents (employees' need for social approval, perceptions of the extent of employee-customer contact and labour market fluidity) were not significant contributors. This study will help the services sector to minimise deviant behaviour at the workplace.
Deviant behaviour, ethical behaviour, front-line employees, Malaysia, service sabotage
This research was aimed at examining the effectiveness of disputing irrational beliefs technique in developing self-esteem of female adolescents. It was a single case study conducted on 13 year old children. Using State Self-Esteem Scale for descriptive analysis while verbatim transcript, observation and irrational belief technique were utilised to identify the symptoms of low self-esteem. The result showed healthier self-esteem based on belief, behaviours, emotions and body state.
The evolution of higher education institutions from public funded to private non-for-profit has provided opportunities to undergraduate students to choose their desired fields of study. It is assumed that quality of education in the private universities is lower than public higher institutions. This study provides insight information that can give a platform to the public regarding the pre-determination on different gender's perception on the technical undergraduate degrees. Indeed, the result shows there is a difference between genders. This will lead to a more comprehensive study onto perceivable assessment on private non-for-profit higher education institution in future for undergraduates who are moving towards higher degrees.
In developing learning application, a social presence requirement is needed to gain a sense of connectedness albeit through user interface. Social presence is important in order to increase interaction and collaboration between users. In motivating students to actively use E-learning, the requirements elicitation process plays an important role. Multiphase mixed method design is used in this study to evaluate the usability of requirements elicitation product that can be used to extract social presence requirements. There are three artefacts namely Technical Guide to Requirements Elicitation for Social Presence Support, Social Presence Requirements Template and Social Presence Requirements for E-learning that are produced in this study to demonstrate their role in supporting E-learning environment.
Waqf is an Islamic institution to serve as a catalyst for Muslim economic development. The existence of this socio-economic institution started with Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and it became the root of success for the Islamic social security system. The expansion of waqf properties through investment or istithmar is e one of the possible ways to utilise waqf. It was found that 75% of the hadith related to waqf in al-Kutub al-Sittah debated on waqf infrastructure. This shows the importance of infrastructure development in the expansion of waqf properties.
National history often linked to national identity. The construction, erosion, and reconstruction of national histories are always subject to contestations. The struggle over collective memory of the colonial past is an object of concern for its impacts on national identity. In today's world, narratives of the past are often remediated and reinterpreted. This article examines how the natives of Sarawak view the history of Malaysia and see themselves as part of the narrative. The findings reveal that the natives see themselves as a distinct historical entity outside the national narrative.
Historical consciousness, history, identity, national narrative, otherness, Sarawak
The emergence of service and knowledge-based sectors has necessitated the need for professionals, such as deans of institutions of higher learning, to acquire and master soft skills. Using Rowena Crosbie's (2005) model of leadership soft skills, this paper discusses the perception frequency implementation of leadership soft skills among deans at three Malaysian institutions of higher learning. To achieve the aim of this study, a survey research design was used to examine the frequency implementation of the eight components of leadership soft skills. Findings show that the deans only moderately implemented the eight components of leadership soft skills.
Green marketing is a holistic marketing concept where activities from production to sales are done in a way that is favourable to the environment. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of price, knowledge, eco-label, and peer pressure on the intention of young Malaysians to buy green products. The results of this study showed that price, and peer pressures have an influence on young consumers' intention to purchase green products, while knowledge, and eco-label have no influence.
Eco-label, green purchasing, intention, knowledge, peer pressure, price
Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs) contributed 29.6% of GDP in Malaysia in 2005, and by 2014 its share was 35.9%. The involvement of SMEs in the Halal industry is also increasing and the business owner involved in Halal production should choose Islamic business financing. However, Islamic financing in Malaysia has been declining. This paper looks at the concept of Islamic financial literacy and to measure Islamic financial literacy. The measurement of Islamic financial literacy in this paper is based on the principle of Islamic finance, and includes concepts such as Mudarabah, Musharakah, Ijarah, Murabahah, Istisna and Quard Hassan. Through the Islamic financial intelligent (i-FiQ) the study hopes to advance Islamic finance.
Social Media Content Marketing (SMCM) is a tool-kit to increase sales. Content marketing is a crucial element which can increase the return on investment (ROI). The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of SMCM towards the ROI. It aims to develop a SMCM framework which can maximise a firm's ROI performance.
Brand Awareness, content Marketing, Return on Investment (ROI), Social Media Marketing
Retail experiences can represent either a hedonic or utilitarian value in the experience consumption. For Muslim customers, their perception, evaluation and emotions in experience consumption are influenced by Islamic Values through the centricity of faith. Therefore, retail food outlets need to deliver suitable concept anticipated by Muslim customers which are religiously conscientious. Based on the Stimulus Organism Response (S-O-R) paradigm, this qualitative study aims to explore Muslim customers' experience in food consumption. The focus group technique was conducted to produce an in-depth understanding of the topic, with 'environmental stimuli' and 'customer emotions' were the main themes being discussed in the context of Indian Muslim restaurant. There were two groups of respondents in this study; the Millennials and Gen Xs who resided in Klang Valley and this paper summarizes the main findings from this focus group analysis. Among others, it was found that the components of Islamic Values embedded in the Muslim customer's spirituality have inspired Islamic Retail Experiential Value theory building.
Emotional states, environmental stimuli, Muslim customers, retail experience
Claim in relation to time is among of the contractual claims that are unavoidable in any construction project. This paper aims to identify the reasons for the unsuccessful extension of time (EoT) claims in the Malaysian construction industry. A survey research approach, using questionnaire was used and findings revealed that it is common for the EoT claim to be rejected during its first submission and requires further submission with some amendment and modification to facilitate the assessment process by the contract administrator. Insufficiency of the claim document, poor presentation of claims and lack of evidences to support the claim has been found to be among of the reasons for their rejection. The findings suggest that competencies in handling claims, effective record keeping, and strict adherence to the contract are among of the recipes towards achieving a successful EoT claim.
Claims, construction, contract, delays, extension of time, failure, projects, rejection
As Malaysia envisions its cities to be environmentally-friendly the concept of Urban Climatic Mapping should be introduced as a guide in assisting urban planners. This paper aims to generate the Urban Climatic Analysis Map (UC-AnMap) of Kuala Lumpur City. It uses the Geographical Information System as the analysis platform together with available data sets of Kuala Lumpur to generate the urban climatic map. To generate UC-AnMap two main analyses involved are Thermal Load and Dynamic Potential were used. Using the combination of the two key analyses, the UC-AnMap of Kuala Lumpur is produced and climatically sensitive areas of the city produced.
Illegal building renovation is an increasing urban problem in Malaysia. This situation has created a lot of problems and has caused unnecessary burden on the Local Authorities. This study seeks to explore the role of public participation in developing building renovation guidelines to solve the problem of illegal building renovations in Malaysia. Ampang Jaya Town Council (MPAJ), the eighth most developed town council in Malaysia (Jaafar 2004) will be set as an experimental test bed in developing a public participation model for a house renovation policy.
Building guideline, housing policy, illegal renovation, public participation
Heritage tourism has impact on host community and their way of life. Preservation and appreciation of cultural heritage elements, both tangible and intangible have socio-economic values that could be promoted through heritage tourism. The study shall examine the potential cultural and economic impact of heritage tourism in Kampung Morten, Melaka, where local Malays living in the city provide homestay accommodation. The result of this study indicated that the majority of respondents agree that heritage tourism has affected their socio-culture through the display of culture in their daily life activities, however, the activities does not play significant role in enhancing micro-economy. A top down initiative in the form of funds from government agencies as well as training programmes are needed to strengthen this sector of the economy.
Daylighting in historic buildings is not easy to manage as natural light fluctuates. This study aims to evaluate visitors' visual responses and opinions towards daylighting in four selected galleries in museums. Intensity of illumination and visitors feedback were obtained through fieldwork. Instruments employed were data logger management system and light sensors at test points on showcases and display panels. The questionnaire was on the respondents' perception of daylight conditions at two different display panels (against window wall-AWW and opposite window wall-OWW). The illuminance assessment and evaluation indicated that the display placement affected daylight distribution pattern while the daylighting pattern affected the visitors' viewing satisfaction. The study examines daylight distributions and the visitors' visual perception and satisfaction in relation to the exhibits and interior configuration of the museums. The study found significant effect of exhibit condition and interior design parameters on indoor daylight performance and visual comfort. The results of this study contribute to the planning of appropriate lighting to minimise visual discomfort in museums.
Daylighting, display placement, historic museum galleries, visual comfort
Social Media Intelligence Quotient (SMIQ) refers to social media literacy, business literacy and social intelligence. Users of social media attitude towards it is shaped by their personality, media platform and social support to stay online. Using social media can improve fresh graduates' marketability and employability. There are many factors that influence social media dependency such as the social system, media system and personality system. The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors of social media dependency and identify its implications among graduates. It aims to develop a theoretical framework based on a modified Media System Dependency (MSD) Theory.
Social media dependency, Social Media Intelligence Quotient, social media literacy, business literacy, social intelligence
Technical competency of the Construction Manager (TCCM) is paramount for the accomplishment of the Malaysian construction project. Therefore, the authors embarked on a pragmatic research approach to establish the aforementioned competency for various benefits. In this paper, the research investigates the corroborative level of TCCM towards relatively similar competency provision by several indigenous organisations. A qualitative method of content analysis was conducted towards counterpart competency documents by using NVivo V.8 software. Throughout the analysis, the manifested frequency of words coded was recorded, and comprehensive results were gathered and visualised through appropriate tables and figures. In a nutshell, the provision in TCCM has almost exceeded all other relevant technical competency documents, except for document from Organisation B (Project Manager). Validation from industry-academia is needed to highlight this study's contribution to the Malaysian construction project.
Construction manager, document analysis, NVivo, technical competency